TO READ PIB LINKS:
- http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=173151 Launch of Food Regulatory Portal Announced – “Nivesh Bandhu” An Investor Facilitation Portal to be Launched during World Food India 2017
- http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=173149 Festival of India in Fiji, Kiribati, Tonga, Vanuatu, Nauru, Tuvalu and Cook Islands from October, 2017 – March 2018
Paper 3: Industries
Index of Eight Core Industries (Base: 2011-12=100) September, 2017
The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is an index for India which details out the growth of various sectors in an economy such as mineral mining, electricity and manufacturing. The all India IIP is a composite indicator that measures the short-term changes in the volume of production of a basket of industrial products during a given period with respect to that in a chosen base period. It is compiled and published monthly by the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) six weeks after the reference month ends.
The level of the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is an abstract number, the magnitude of which represents the status of production in the industrial sector for a given period of time as compared to a reference period of time. The base year was at one time fixed at 1993–94 so that year was assigned an index level of 100. The current base year is 2011-2012.
The Eight Core Industries comprise nearly 40.27% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP). These are Electricity, steel, refinery products, crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas and fertilisers.
The summary of the Index of Eight Core Industries (base: 2011-12) is given at the Annexure
|1||Coal||Coal production (weight: 10.33 per cent) increased by 10.6 per cent in September, 2017 over September, 2016. Its cumulative index increased by 1.5 per cent during April to September, 2017-18 over corresponding period of the previous year.|
|2||Crude Oil||Crude Oil production (weight: 8.98 per cent) increased by 0.1 per cent in September, 2017 over September, 2016. Its cumulative index declined by 0.2 per cent during April to September, 2017-18 over the corresponding period of previous year.|
|3||Natural Gas||The Natural Gas production (weight: 6.88 per cent) increased by 6.3 per cent in September, 2017 over September, 2016. Its cumulative index increased by 5.0 per cent during April to September, 2017-18 over the corresponding period of previous year.|
|Petroleum Refinery production (weight: 28.04 per cent) increased by 8.1 per cent in September, 2017 over September, 2016. Its cumulative index increased by 2.1 per cent during April to September, 2017-18 over the corresponding period of previous year|
|Fertilizer production (weight: 2.63 per cent) declined by 7.7 per cent in September, 2017 over September, 2016. Its cumulative index declined by 2.1 per cent during April to September, 2017-18 over the corresponding period of previous year.|
|6||Steel||Steel production (weight: 17.92 per cent) increased by 3.7 per cent in September, 2017 over September, 2016. Its cumulative index increased by 5.5 per cent during April to September, 2017-18 over the corresponding period of previous year.|
|Cement production (weight: 5.37 per cent) increased by 0.1 per cent in September, 2017 over September, 2016. Its cumulative index declined by 1.9 per cent during April to September, 2017-18 over the corresponding period of previous year.|
|Electricity generation (weight: 19.85 per cent) increased by 5.2 per cent in September, 2017 over September, 2016. Its cumulative index increased by 6.0 per cent during April to September, 2017-18 over the corresponding period of previous year.|
The Eight Core Industries comprise 40.27 per cent of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP). The combined Index of Eight Core Industries stands at 122.5 in September, 2017, which was 5.2 per cent higher as compared to the index of September, 2016. Its cumulative growth during April to September, 2017-18 was 3.3 per cent.
Paper 3 : Infrastructure India Japan Cooperation in Rail Safety makes further headway.
A Japanese mission is on a visit to India for this purpose from 30.10.2017 to 02.11.2017.
Japanese Railways is one of the oldest Rail system in the world. Japan is the pioneer in the High Speed Rail ‘Shinkansen’. Japanese Railways has an impeccable record with Safety. Ministry of Railways (GoI) had requested Japan’s Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) for technical cooperation in Rail Safety.
Responding to Ministry of Railway’s request, MLIT deputed a team of Japanese Railway experts to India to assess incidents of rail breakage and suggest measures to improve safety in train operations. The Memorandum of Cooperation on Railway safety was signed on 17.2.2017 between Ministry of Railways (GoI) and MLIT, Japan.
The MoC envisages cooperation in Rail Safety on area such as maintenance of Track (welding, rail inspection, track circuit etc.) and rolling stock maintenance. ‘Capacity Development’ has been taken as a Technical Cooperation project under the MoC to develop Indian Railways’ capacity in respect of the above identified areas. These areas have been incorporated in the Terms of Reference of cooperation.
- A Mission from Japan comprising representatives of Japan’s MLIT, JICA(Japan International Cooperation Agency) and railway operators etc. are visiting India from 30.10.2017 to 2.11.2017.
- On 31.10.2017, Hon’ble Railway Minister Mr Piyush Goyal along with CRB and other Board Members has met with the Japanese delegation comprising members of ToR mission and members from the rail related industries. Japanese delegation was headed by Japanese Ambassador in India H.E. Mr Kenji Hiramatsu. During this occasion, a roundtable discussion was held with the Japanese delegation. Hon’ble MR stressed on the total safety management. He also mentioned that IR is striving for ‘zero accident regime’. Japanese Ambassador in India H.E. Mr Kenji Hiramatsu assured for full cooperation in this area based on the expertise available in Japanese Railways & Industry.
The roundtable discussion on railway safety and conventional railways was held with following agenda:
i. Accident Investigation
iii. Railway safety management
Presentations were made by Japanese Industries on their capability in the field. In addition issues of Station Development, Security Systems and Modal shift from truck to rail in transporting new cars & trucks was also discussed.
Paper 2: Constitution
The Centre convinced the Supreme Court to defer hearing on petitions challenging the special status granted to Jammu and Kashmir.
- The court is hearing a writ petition filed by NGO, We the Citizens, which challenges the validity of both Article 35A and Article 370.
- The government has appointed Dineshwar Sharma, a former IB director, as interlocutor.
- He has started talks with stakeholders. If the court hears this case, it will affect dialogue process.
- It is a provision incorporated in the Indian Constitution giving the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislature to decide ‘permanent residents’ of the State.
- Grant those permanent resident special right and privileges in State public sector jobs, acquisition of property within the State, scholarships and other public aid and welfare programmes.
Problem: Article 35A was incorporated into the Indian Constitution in 1954 by an order of President.
- The provision mandates that no act of the State legislature coming under the ambit of Article 35A can be challenged for violating the Indian Constitution or any other law of the land.
- The Presidential Order was issued under Article 370 (1) (d) of the Indian Constitution to add Article 35A.
- Parliament was not consulted when the President incorporated Article 35A into the Indian Constitution through a Presidential Order issued under Article 370.
- Whereas, Article 368 (i) of the Constitution mandates that only the Parliament can amend the Constitution by introducing a new Article.
Joint Indo-Russia Tri-Services Exercise Indra-2017 successfully conducted
- The Joint Indo-Russia Tri-Services Exercise INDRA-2017 was successfully conducted from 19 to 29 Oct 2017 at Vladivostok in Russia. The name of the exercise INDRA has been derived from INDia and RussiA. So far INDRA exercises have been undertaken between respective Armies, Navies and Air Forces engaged with each other without concurrent participation from other Services. 17 such service specific exercises with the Russian defence forces have been conducted since 2003. Exercise INDRA-2017 is the first Joint Tri-Services Exercise between Russia and India. This is also the first time that Russia has hosted a Tri-Services Exercise on its soil.
- The theme of Exercise INDRA-2017 was ‘Preparation and Conduct of Operations by a Joint Force for Suppression of International Terror Activity at the request of a host country under UN mandate’.
- Vice Admiral Karambir Singh, AVSM took over as the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command (ENC) from Vice Admiral HCS Bisht, PVSM, AVSM, ADC at a Ceremonial Parade held at the Naval Base here today, 31 October 2017. Vice Admiral Karambir Singh inspected the Ceremonial Guard and reviewed platoons of naval personnel drawn from various ships and establishments of the ENC.
- Indian Air force contingent leaves for Israel to Participate in ‘Ex Blue Flag-17’.
- A 45 member contingent of the Indian Air Force left for Israel today to participate in exercise ‘Blue Flag-17’. Blue Flag is a bi-annual multilateral exercise which aims to strengthen military cooperation amongst participating nations. Indian Air Force is participating with the C-130J special operations aircraft along with Garud commandos.
- The exercise would provide a platform for sharing of knowledge, combat experience and in improving operational capability of the participating nations. The exercise is being conducted at Uvda Air Force Base in Israel from 02-16 Nov 17. The team consists of personnel from various combat elements of the IAF and is led by Gp Capt Maluk Singh VSM.
- This is the first time the Indian Air Force is operating with Israeli AF in a multilateral exercise setting. Exercise Blue Flag gives opportunity to the IAF to share and learn best practices with some of the best professionals from other Air Forces.
3. “Holistic Learning is the need of hour in our Present Education System,” said Union Minister Sh. K. J. Alphons while Launching the Mobile App for Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan
In a unique initiative to give a boost to the learning of science, technology and mathematics among the youth-especially the school students, Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan (VVM) – a nationwide science talent search examination will be held on 26th November.
This programme has been organized by eminent scientists and academicians associated with Vigyan Prasar (VP) – an autonomous organisation under Department of Science and Technology and National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT) of Ministry of Human Resources and Development and Vijnana Bharati.
· “The Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan will provide a platform to the India’s generation next to imbibe the values of science and technology for a better future. We want the students of this generation to use digital technology, learn science, learn more about India, and learn about the famous people who made science popular. I appeal our young talents to be think, understand and be analytical to ensure a holistic development of our future generation.”
· Vijnana Bharati (VIBHA) is one of the largest science movement in the country led by eminent scientists and to inculcate and generate scientific temper, foster excellence in students and nurture and mentor them for their careers in pure sciences. Through VVM programme, India’s generation next will be made aware about the India’s Rich Contribution to Science from ancient period to modern times. Registered students will undergo multilevel testing. Successful students will get a chance to undertake study tours and interactions with renowned scientists of our country as well as abroad.
4. Competition Commission of India (CCI)
· After the Competition Act,2002came into existence a Competition Commission of India (CCI) and Competition Appellate Tribunal (CAT) was established. This commission was preceded by Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission (MRTPC).
· Objectives CCI
· Remove negative competitive practices
· Promote sustainable market competition
· Protect the rights of the consumer
· Protect the freedom of trade in Indian markets
· Protect the rights of small traders from the large traders to ensure their survival
· Advice and give suggestions to Competition Appellate Tribunal
· Run informative campaigns and create public awareness about fair competitive practices.